Category archives for all Original Research

Healthy China 2030: “Without national health, there will be no comprehensive well-being”

healthy China 2030

Healthy China 2030: “Without national health, there will be no comprehensive well-being” pp. 75-76(2)Authors: Wang, Wei; Zakus, David On August 19–20, 2016, the China National Health and Wellness Conference was held in Beijing. Both President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang attended the meeting and delivered important speeches with key messages. Their contributions are summarized […]

‘Feeling of despair’ as the leading cluster theme of conceptual descriptive analyses in participatory assessment

‘Feeling of despair’ as the leading cluster theme of conceptual descriptive analyses in participatory assessment: Russia Oxfam GB case study

‘Feeling of despair’ as the leading cluster theme of conceptual descriptive analyses in participatory assessment: Russia Oxfam GB case study Authors: Zakirova, Venera; Zakus, David This article provides a case study on participatory assessment based on experience gained from an EU‐Oxfam GB project entitled “Empowering Municipalities to Effectively Address Poverty” conducted in five small towns […]

Engaging black sub-Saharan African communities and their gatekeepers in HIV prevention programs

HIV prevention

Engaging black sub-Saharan African communities and their gatekeepers in HIV prevention programs: Challenges and strategies from England Authors: Nyashanu, Mathew; Serrant, Laura HIV infection is a sensitive issue in black communities [Serrant-Green L. Black Caribbean men, sexual health decisions and silences. Doctoral thesis. Nottingham School of Nursing, University of Nottingham; 2004]. Statistics show black sub-Saharan […]

Epidemiological study of hypertensive retinopathy in the primary care setting

Epidemiological study of hypertensive retinopathy in the primary care setting

Epidemiological study of hypertensive retinopathy in the primary care setting: Retrospective cross-sectional review of retinal photographs pp. 13-21(9)Authors: Chiang, Lap-kin; Yau, Michael K.C.; Kam, Cheuk-wai; Ng, Lorna V.; Zee, Benny C.Y. The objective is to estimate the prevalence and grading of hypertensive retinopathy in the primary care setting; examine the patient characteristics associated with hypertensive […]

Mothers’ health-related quality of life

Mothers’ health-related quality of life

Mothers’ health-related quality of life: Its relationship with children’s health-related quality of life and behavior in low-income families Authors: Wong, Rosa Sze Man; Guo, Vivian Yawei; Ip, Patrick; Wong, Carlos King Ho; Yu, Esther Yee Tak; Fung, Colman Siu Cheung; Lam, Cindy Lo Kuen Objective: To examine the association between mothers’ health-related quality of life […]

Long-term care for aged ethnic minority people in Yunnan, China

Long-term care for aged ethnic minority people in Yunnan, China

Long-term care for aged ethnic minority people in Yunnan, China: Understanding the situation Authors: Zhang, Kaining; Zakus, David; Gao, Chuqun Chinese governmental sectors have been investing lots of money in setting up new institutions for long-term care (LTC) in rural China to respond to the predicted increasing and urgent needs of the growing number of aging people. […]

‘Face’ and psychological processes of laid-off workers in transitional China

‘Face’ and psychological processes of laid-off workers in transitional China

‘Face’ and psychological processes of laid-off workers in transitional China Authors: Wang, Bingxin; Greenwood, Kenneth Mark Objective: The objective was to explore the psychological experiences of laid-off workers in contemporary transitional China and to formulate a theoretical model of these. Methods: In-depth interviews of 26 laid-off workers were conducted and analysed using grounded theory techniques. Results: […]

Training medical undergraduates in the core disciplines of community medicine

training medical undergraduates

Training medical undergraduates in the core disciplines of community medicine through community postings ‐ an experience from India Authors: Shewade, Hemant Deepak; Palanivel, Chinnakali; Jeyashree, Kathiresan Objective: Family medicine, epidemiology, health management and health promotion are the core disciplines of community medicine. In this paper, we discuss the development of a community posting program within the framework […]

Maternal health and its affecting factors in Nepal

Patient-centered care in a multicultural world

Maternal health and its affecting factors in Nepal Authors: Mahara, Gehendra; Barr, Jill; Thomas, Janeeta; Wang, Wei; Guo, Xiuhua Maternal health is still a public health problem in developing countries, especially in low-resource settings rural and poor communities. The main aim of this article is to critically evaluate and explore the situation of maternal health in Nepal based on […]

How well are families doing? A description of family well-being in South Africa

Mothers’ health-related quality of life

How well are families doing? A description of family well-being in South Africa Authors: Roman, Nicolette Vanessa; Isaacs, Serena Ann; Davids, Charl; Sui, Xin-Cheng Objective: The purpose of this study was to describe the well-being of a sample of families from low socioeconomic communities in the Western Cape South Africa in terms of family resilience, family satisfaction, parenting […]

Sedentary lifestyle among adults in Jordan, 2007

sedentary lifestyle

Authors: Sharkas, Ghazi F.; Saheb, Tayseer; Arqoub, Kamal; Haddadin, Raja Objective: Sedentary lifestyle is a major risk factor for physical and mental problems, such as cardiovascular, musculoskeletal diseases, and psychological stress. About 60% of the world’s population is not sufficiently physically active in leisure time or during work and social activities. This study aimed to determine the prevalence […]

The challenge of training for family medicine across different contexts

The challenge of training for family medicine across different contexts: Insights from providing training in China

The challenge of training for family medicine across different contexts: Insights from providing training in China Authors: Sandars, John; Huang, Yingzi; Gibbs, Trevor Physicians with expertise in providing training for family medicine, at both undergraduate level and postgraduate level, are frequently invited to run training workshops in countries with developing systems of family medicine but this approach […]

Turning cross-cultural medical education on its head

Turning cross-cultural medical education on its head: Learning about ourselves and developing respectful curiosity

Turning cross-cultural medical education on its head: Learning about ourselves and developing respectful curiosity Author: Bansal, Aarti Cross-cultural education is often understood to mean acquiring cultural knowledge about different cultural groups in order to serve people from diverse groups equitably. However, this article argues that to work effectively in cross-cultural situations, we need to learn […]

The challenges of cross-cultural research and teaching in family medicine

The challenges of cross-cultural research and teaching in family medicine: How can professional networks help?

The challenges of cross-cultural research and teaching in family medicine: How can professional networks help?? Author: Howe, Amanda Caroline Modern medical training emphasizes the value of understanding the patient’s ideas, concerns and expectations, and the use of their personal perspective to assist communication, diagnosis, and uptake of all appropriate health and treatment options. This requires […]

Process engineering for primary care: Quality improvement and population health

Process engineering for primary care: Quality improvement and population health

Process engineering for primary care: Quality improvement and population health Author: Riley, William A fundamental paradox of the health care delivery systems in many industrialized nations is that desired population health metrics are often not achieved despite large expenditures in the health care delivery system. For example, the United States commits nearly 18% of its […]

Methodological challenges of cross-language qualitative research

Methodological challenges of cross-language qualitative research with South Asian communities living in the UK

Methodological challenges of cross-language qualitative research with South Asian communities living in the UK Authors: Sidhu, Manbinder S.; Kokab, Farina; Jolly, Kate; Marshall, Tom; Gale, Nicola K.; Gill, Paramjit Objective: We investigate (1) the influence of ethnic, gender, and age concordance with interviewers and (2) how expression of qualitative data varies between interviews delivered in English and community languages (Punjabi/Urdu) […]

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan Authors: Huang, Yu-Chu; Mathers, Nigel Joseph; Chia, Su-Lih; Shiu, Ming-Neng; Kao, Shu-Chen Objective: We aimed to evaluate an integrated screening program for female migrants to Taiwan. Method: We performed a mixed methodological evaluation of a public health nurse (PHN)-led intervention to promote an integrated […]

Implementation of a novel train-the-trainer program for pharmacists in China

train the trainer program for pharmacists

Implementation of a novel train-the-trainer program for pharmacists in China Authors: Banh, Hoan Linh; Cave, Andrew Clinical pharmacy services in North American are well implemented both in community pharmacies and in hospital pharmacies. In 2009 the Chinese government mandated the implementation of clinical pharmacy services in all secondary and tertiary hospitals by 2020. The mandate […]

Integrated care and training in family practice

Prof Meng-Chih Lee on integrated care

Integrated care and training in family practice in the 21st century: Taiwan as an example Author: Lee, Meng-Chih As the President-elect for the Asia Pacific region of the World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA), I would like to share my thoughts with Family Medicine and Community Health readers. In the 21st century, the new directions of […]

Why global health work should be incorporated into family medicine residency training

Papanicolaou test

A resident’s perspective on why global health work should be incorporated into family medicine residency training Author: Sweeney, Sarah We sat in a circle in the front room of a simple cement home – a family physician and a social worker both with decades of experience in global health work, me, a second year family […]

HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda

Traditional knowledge in HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda

Traditional knowledge in HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda pp. 46-52(7)Author: Akena, Francis Adyanga Uganda’s health care sector is choking with various challenges, such as poor physical infrastructure, inadequate professionals to run the few existing health centers, poor culture of adherence to professional ethical standards by some health care practitioners, shortages of medicines […]

Performing arts as a social technology for community health promotion in northern Ghana

performing arts in northern Ghana

Performing arts as a social technology for community health promotion in northern Ghana Authors: Frishkopf, Michael; Hamze, Hasan; Alhassan, Mubarak; Zukpeni, Ibrahim Abukari; Abu, Sulemana; Zakus, David Objective: We present first-phase results of a performing arts public health intervention, ‘Singing and Dancing for Health,’ aiming to promote healthier behaviors in Ghana’s impoverished Northern Region. We […]

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities Author: Kirsch, David  Objective: The conversations in accountability were designed to gain an understanding of the use and changes to accountability in charities over time, including learning how results are measured. Methods: As part of a larger study which investigated accountability in charities working to reduce mortality of […]

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations: Similarities and differences between Brazil and Canada

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations: Similarities and differences between Brazil and Canada Authors: Veras, Mirella; Paquet, Nicole; Oliveira, Eliany N.; Zakus, David; Deonandan, Raywat; Pottie, Kevin The world’s population is rapidly aging. Unregulated health care workers (UHCWs) are emerging as a potentially important workforce in the care of older adults. […]