Category archives for all Original Research

Factors associated with visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure in hypertensive patients at a Primary Health Care Service, Tabanan, Bali, Indonesia

Authors: Riska Pertiwi, Gusti Ayu; Ngurah Aryawangsa, Anak Agung; Prabawa, I Putu Yuda; Putra Manuaba, Ida Bagus Amertha; Bhargah, Agha; Sri Ratni, Ni Wayan; Budiana, I Putu Gede An increasing number of valid and well-designed trials have demonstrated a positive correlation between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and increased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among hypertensive patients. […]

Nutritional status in adolescent girls: Attempt to determine its prevalence and its association with sociodemographic variables

Authors: Chandrashekarappa, Smitha Malenahalli; Ramakrishnaiah, Narayana Murthy Mysuru; Manjunath, Renuka To determine the prevalence of malnutrition among adolescent girls and to assess the association of nutrition with sociodemographic variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescent girls aged 16‐19 years. Data regarding sociodemographic variables were collected by administration of a prestructured, pretested questionnaire. Height and weight were measured […]

Predictors of successfully quitting smoking among smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia

tobacco

Authors:Mohammad, Nur Izzati; Ghazali, Selasawati; Shafei, Mohd Nazri The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia who successfully quit smoking and the predictive factors for successfully quitting smoking. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving smokers aged more than […]

Relationship between glycemic control and perceived family support among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus seen in a rich kinship network in Southwest Nigeria

Authors:Osuji, Nnenna A.; Ojo, Oluwaseun Solomon; Malomo, Sunday O.; Sogunle, Peter T.; Egunjobi, Ademola O.; Odebunmi, Olufisayo O. The practice of diabetes self-care behaviors has been cited as a foundation for achieving optimal glycemic control. Proper motivation of people with diabetes mellitus is, however, needed for the performance of these behaviors. It is therefore pertinent […]

Adherence to clinical guidelines for monitoring diabetes in primary care settings

Authors: Dai, Mingliang; Peabody, Michael R.; Peterson, Lars E.; Mainous, Arch G. Adherence to clinical guidelines is key to improving diabetes care. Contemporary knowledge of guideline adherence is lacking. This study sought to produce a national snapshot of primary care physicians’ (PCPs) adherence to the American Diabetes Association guidelines for monitoring diabetes and determine whether continuity of care promotes […]

A cross-sectional study to assess the out-of-pocket expenditure of families on the health care of children younger than 5 years in a rural area

health care of children

Authors: Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh This study aimed to estimate the out-of-pocket expenditure of families on the health care of children younger than 5 years in a rural area of Kancheepuram district. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in a rural area of Kancheepuram district for 5 months. All households with at least one child […]

Blood pressure‐controlling behavior in relation to educational level and economic status among hypertensive women in Ghana

hypertensive women

Authors: Ghose, Bishwajit; Yaya, Sanni To explore the association between economic status and educational level with self-management behavior (medication adherence, controlling body weight, reducing salt intake, performing physical exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, abstaining from smoking, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption) among hypertensive women in Ghana. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 598 women were collected from the Ghana Demographic and […]

Development and validation of the Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale

deprerssion

Authors: Ishola, Ajibola A.; Obasi, Chisom C.; Sholuke, Ismail T. Postpartum depression, a common complication in childbearing women, is of great public health concern. Previous screening tools have focused on depressed mood, with less attention paid to postpartum anxiety and suicidal ideation. This study developed and validated a tool to measure postpartum depression among mothers of preterm babies. […]

Factors influencing IOP changes in postmenopausal women

Intraocular pressure

Authors: Siuw, Chin P.; Vasudevan, Suresh; Mustapha, Mushawiathi Intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in maintaining normal function of the eye. High IOP is associated with glaucoma. Many physiological factors, including age and hormones, can cause variation in IOP. This study was designed to investigate IOP changes in postmenopausal women and the associated factors, which included sex […]

Cross-sectional analysis of obesity and high blood pressure among undergraduate students of a university medical college in South India

Authors: Chenji, Sravan Kumar; Rao, Chythra R.; Sivanesan, Saranya; Kamath, Veena; Kamath, Asha To estimate the prevalence of obesity and high blood pressure among undergraduate students of a university medical college. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a medical college among 434 medical students. A questionnaire was used to collect basic demographic details, followed by anthropometric measurements. Body mass index […]

Prevalence of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among rural women in Yemen

Author: Alwabr, Gawad M.A. The objective of this study was to expand the evidence base on the prevalence of risk factors for the main noncommunicable diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, and obesity) among rural women in Yemen. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 rural women in the age range from 18 to […]

Type 2 diabetes: Challenges facing GPs

diabetes

Authors: Huo, Lili; Shaw, Jonathan E. China faces a huge task in managing the large numbers of people with diabetes. Primary care is at the forefront of this challenge, and needs to begin to adopt some of the management and organizational approaches that have been shown to be successful in tackling diabetes and similar chronic diseases. DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2018.0107

Chronic disease in a digital health environment

digital health

Author: Pearce, Christopher Although we know that there are benefits to individual patients from electronic data, the next potential, and potentially the biggest, benefit will come from the technologies known as big data, machine learning, and artificial intelligence. Harnessing the potential of computers to sift through large amounts of data will result in the possibility of generating insights into […]

Offshore teaching in chronic disease management: The Monash-Shenzhen experience

disease management

Authors: Piterman, Leon; Yang, Hui; Blashki, Grant The important role of GPs and the high prevalence and burden of chronic disease in China have been discussed in other articles in this series, so there is no need to reiterate this background here. This article deals with the pedagogy of chronic disease management as presented to cohorts of Chinese […]

Chronic heart failure: Role of the GP in management

heart failure

Authors: Piterman, Leon; Yang, Hui; Yin, Zhaoxia The commonest cause of chronic heat failure in China is ischemic heart disease, followed by hypertension and valvular heart disease. Echocardiography is essential in establishing a diagnosis as well as helping to identify a cause and to monitor progress. Management includes nonpharmacological as well as pharmacological treatment, and self-care with careful […]

Seguin Form Board as an intelligence tool for young children in an Indian urban slum 

Seguin Form Board as an intelligence tool for young children in an Indian urban slum  pp. 275-281(7) Authors: Koshy, Beena; Thomas T, Hannah Mary; Samuel, Prasanna; Sarkar, Rajiv; Kendall, Scott; Kang, Gagandeep DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2017.0118 Objective: The present study evaluates the concurrent and predictive validity of the Seguin Form Board Test (SFBT) as an intelligence tool for children in […]

Assessment of family physicians’ knowledge of childhood autism

Assessment of family physicians’ knowledge of childhood autism  pp. 266-274(9) Author: Hend, Mikhail Salam DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2017.0136 Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of family physicians regarding childhood autism. Methods: The study is a one-way cross-sectional descriptive study, conducted between January and March 2017. The study involved 70 family physicians who were working and/or studying for a master […]

Counseling strategies for nutritional anemia by family physicians in Saudi Arabia, 2016: Implication for training

counseling strategies

Counseling strategies for nutritional anemia by family physicians in Saudi Arabia, 2016: Implication for training  pp. 259-265(7) Authors: Elfakki, Fakhralddin Abbas Mohammed; AlBarrak, Njood Suliman Muhammed Context: Prevalence of nutritional anemia among Saudi female and children is evident and has been reflected in different studies, most of researchers conclude that there is a gap in dietary counseling […]

Effects of biscuit-type feeding supplementation on the neurocognitive outcomes of HIV-affected school-age children

Effects of biscuit-type feeding supplementation on the neurocognitive outcomes of HIV-affected school-age children: a randomized, double-blind, controlled intervention trial in Kenya  Authors: Khee Loo, Kek; Rizzo, Shemra; Chen, Qiaolin; Weiss, Robert E.; Sugar, Catherine A.; Ettyang, Grace; Ernst, Judith; Samari, Goleen; Neumann, Charlotte G. Objective: To determine if meat or soy protein dietary supplementation will enhance the neurocognitive performance of HIV-affected children at-risk of malnutrition […]

Prevalence of and risk factors for eclampsia in pregnant women in India

prevalence of eclampsia in India

Authors: Agrawal, Sutapa; Walia, Gagandeep K.; Staines-Urias, Eleonora; Casas, Juan P.; Millett, Christopher Eclampsia is a potentially fatal disorder in pregnant women and remains an important cause of maternal and perinatal child morbidity and death worldwide. We aimed to assess the prevalence of and risk factors for convulsions (not occurring from fever) during pregnancy in Indian women. Convulsion is a […]

Family medicine and community health have borderless health topics

wei wang

Family medicine and community health have borderless health topics  Author: Wang, Wei 2016 and 2017 have been a time of overturned expectations, full of uncertainty, as evidenced by the United Kingdom’s vote to leave the European Union, the victory of Donald Trump in the US presidential election and the humanitarian catastrophe in Syria. From the perspective […]

Effect of an educational intervention and parental vaccine refusal forms on childhood vaccination rates in a clinic with a large Somali population

childhood vaccination

Objective: The purpose of this study is to improve vaccination rates at a clinic with a large Somali population, and many vaccine hesitant parents. The study evaluated the effectiveness of some new materials for vaccine hesitant parents. Methods: Educational sessions were given to providers and staff to give “talking points” and to introduce a vaccine refusal form. […]

Burden of road traffic accidents in Nepal by calculating disability-adjusted life years

Burden of road traffic accident in nepal

Objective: To calculate the burden of road traffic accidents in Kathmandu Valley and then extrapolate this to the national level. Methods: A prospective study was performed to compute the burden of road traffic accidents by quantification of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) using the Global Burden of Disease Study method on the basis of 1-year data from nine […]