Category archives for all Original Research

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Authors: Kou, Tzuyung D.; Koroukian, Siran M.; Fu, Pingfu; Raghavan, Derek; Cooper, Gregory S; Li, Li Objective: Recent studies have reported the underuse of active surveillance or watchful waiting for low-risk prostate cancer in the United States. This study examined prostate cancer‐specific and all-cause death in elderly patients older than 75 years with low-risk tumors managed with active treatment versus […]

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers to specialty health care for uninsured patients

Authors: Werner, James J.; Corbett, Kitty K. Objective: This study describes strategies used by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) to assist medically uninsured patients in obtaining specialty health care services. Methods: Qualitative methods were used to study strategies for obtaining specialty health care for uninsured patients. Data were gathered from 10 primary care clinicians at three […]

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care: An exploratory study from Odisha, India

Authors: Pati, Sanghamitra; Nayak, Sukdev; Weller, David Objective: There has been a steady increase in the demand for cancer follow-up care in India. Compared with Western countries, there is little evidence on the capacity of the Indian primary care workforce to accommodate such tasks. We explored the perceptions of oncologists, general practitioners, and patients with regard to […]

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening: patient perceptions and preferences

Authors: Abola, Matthew V.; Fennimore, Todd F.; Chen, Marcia M.; Chen, Zhengyi; Sheth, Ashutosh K.; Cooper, Gregory; Li, Li Objective: Stool DNA (sDNA) tests offer a noninvasive form of colon cancer screening for patients, and although the test is expected to increase uptake of colon cancer screening, it is unknown if patients’ perceptions of the sDNA test differ according to race […]

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients

Revenue and Expenditure

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients Authors: Husaini, Baqar A.; Levine, Robert S.; Novotny, Meggan L.; Cain, Van A.; Sampson, Uchechukwu K.A.; Moonis, Majaz Objective: Depression and anxiety are frequently observed in heart failure (HF) patients; however, the effect of such factors on hospitalization costs of HF patients, and whether such costs vary by race and […]

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly

heart rate monitor

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly, 1999‐2013: Identifying counties with promising outcomes and opportunities for implementation research Authors: Mejia de Grubb, Maria C; Levine, Robert S; Kilbourne, Barbara; Husaini, Baqar A; Skelton, Tyler; Gittner, Lisa; Langston, Michael A; Rust, George E Objective: Describe modern trends in congestive heart failure (CHF) among elderly (>65 years of age) in the United States, […]

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care

Longitudinal study of a community hospital integrated model for diabetes management in the Beijing Jinsong community

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care: A quality improvement approach Authors: Juneja, Malvika; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Wang, Haijun; Spooner, Kiara; Zoorob, Roger J. Objective: This quality improvement project evaluated the impact of a point-of-care (POC) HbA1c stat lab intervention and a nurse-assisted expanded visit implemented among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D) at a community […]

Healthcare Costs for Firearms-Related Injuries

hospitalization costs

Hospitalizations and healthcare costs associated with serious, non-lethal firearm-related violence and injuries in the United States, 1998‐2011 Authors: Salemi, Jason L.; Jindal, Vikas; Wilson, Roneé E.; Mogos, Mulubrhan F.; Aliyu, Muktar H.; Salihu, Hamisu M. Objective: To describe the prevalence, trends, correlates, and short-term outcomes of inpatient hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries (FRIs) in the United States between 1998 and 2011. […]

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice

general practitioner

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice Authors: Sidani, Mohamad ; Harris, Jaden ; Zoorob, Roger J Objective: Vaccines prevent many cases of infectious disease, yet immunization campaigns are hindered by various barriers. This work presents the results of a quality improvement project addressing barriers to vaccine compliance in an underserved teaching practice by reducing […]

The Vermont Integration Profile

The Vermont Integration Profile-Evaluating the Process of Mental Health and Primary Care Integration

The Vermont Integration Profile-Evaluating the Process of Mental Health and Primary Care Integration Author: Kessler, Rodger Objective: We developed and tested a measure to identify level of primary care behavioral health integration. We produced a thirty item, six domain electronically delivered measure, and a total score. Methods: We generated a convenience sample of 137 survey […]

Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Assistance Program in China

Effectiveness of an employment-based smoking cessation assistance program in China

Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Assistance Program in China Authors: Li, Peizhong; Larrison, Christopher; Lennox, Richard; Mollenhauer, Matt; Sharar, David A. Objective: The objective of this study was to adapt an evidence-based smoking cessation intervention initially developed in the United States to the Chinese context and evaluate the effectiveness of this intervention in China.Method: A smoking cessation program from […]

Coronary Artery Lesions in Patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome

Analysis of the characteristics of coronary artery lesions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and influencing factors

Analysis of the characteristics of coronary artery lesions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome and influencing factors Authors: Sun, Bin; Liu, Jing; Huang, Ding; Liu, Cheng Objective: The current study involved an analysis of the characteristics of coronary artery lesions of patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and the corresponding influencing factors.Methods: One hundred twenty patients […]

Study on Family Environment Characteristics of Accident-Prone Children

A case-control study on family environment characteristics of accident-prone children

A case-control study on family environment characteristics of accident-prone children Authors:Chen, Sisi; Zhou, Leshan Objective: The purpose of the current study was to determine the family environment characteristics of accident-prone children, and the influencing factors to provide a reference for accident prevention and intervention for these children. Methods: One hundred forty-seven cases of accident-prone children were screened […]

Effect of 1.75 mmol/L calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients

Prospective study of the short-term effect of 1.75 mmol/L calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients

Prospective study of the short-term effect of 1.75 mmol/L calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients Authors: Zhang, Dongliang; Sun, Fang; Zhou, Yilun; Duan, Xiaofeng; Sun, Yi; Cui, Taigen; Liu, Wenhu Objective: The purpose of the current study was to determine the influence of a 1.75 mmol/L calcium (Ca) concentration dialysate (DCa 1.75) during maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) therapy for patients with chronic […]

Massage treatment of chronic persistent pediatric asthma

persistent pediatric asthma

Massage treatment of chronic persistent pediatric asthma Authors: Tian, Fuling; Li, Qi; Cui, Jianmei; Ma, Shuxiang; Wang, Hongbin; Li, Xueqing Objective: We observed the clinical effect of massage in treating chronic persistent pediatric asthma and the changes in expression of TLR1, TLR2, and TLR4 on macrophages.Methods: One hundred sixty pediatric patients with persistent chronic asthma were collected, and divided into […]

Primary Medical Service in China

Great efforts are needed to develop primary medical service in China: correcting the mistranslation of “Primary Health Care” as the first step

Great efforts are needed to develop primary medical service in China: correcting the mistranslation of “Primary Health Care” as the first step Author: Xu, Guoping This article aims to discuss how the mistranslation of “Primary Health Care” takes an adverse effect on the conceptual understanding of primary medical service and the development of medical and […]

Negative Psychology of Nursing Personnel and their Coping Style

Interrelation among alexithymia and negative psychology of nursing personnel and their coping style

Interrelation among alexithymia and negative psychology of nursing personnel and their coping style Authors: Li, Shuwen; Yao, Guiying; Gui, Yanling; Zhang, Bin Objective: The purpose of the current study was to discuss the interrelation among alexithymia and negative psychology of nursing personnel and their coping style, so as to provide a theoretical basis for better mental health education […]

Viral Hepatitis B-related Diseases

the economic burden of inpatients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related diseases and the influencing factors

Economic burden of inpatients with viral hepatitis B-related diseases and the influencing factors Authors: Zhang, Hua; Chao, Jianqian; Zhu, Liguo; Song, Long; Li, Xiyan; Liu, Pei Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the economic burden of inpatients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related diseases and the influencing factors so as to provide an effective basis for the development […]

Patients with Neurocognitive Disorders

Memory and behavior neurocognitive problems and caregivers’ attitudes

Memory and behavior-related problems of patients with neurocognitive disorders and the attitudes of their caregivers Authors: Wang, Qingyan; Jiang, Fen; Chen, Sanmei; Tang, Siyuan Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the memory and behavior-related problems of patients with neurocognitive disorders and the attitudes of their caregivers so as to provide an effective basis for nursing […]

Ethnic Minorities and Han Nationality in China

A case-control study on family environment characteristics of accident-prone children

Health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality in China Authors: Sun, Yu; Cao, Qian; Zhang, Rong; Chen, Lu Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality so as to provide a basis for formulating a health promotion plan, reasonably allocating health resources, and […]

Epidemiologic Survey and Analysis of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Epidemiologic survey and analysis of mild cognitive impairment

Epidemiologic survey and analysis of mild cognitive impairment amongst community senior citizens of Changsha City Authors: Zhang, Xueqing; Zeng, Hui Objective: The purpose of the current study was to conduct a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) prevalence survey among the community senior citizens of Changsha City and analyze possible relevant factors so as to perform early screening […]

Computer-assisted Information System for Respiratory Diseases

Development of community health service-oriented computer-assisted information system for diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases

Development of community health service-oriented computer-assisted information system for diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases Authors: Wu, Yuefang; Yao, Xin; Sun, Peili; Hu, Yong; Zhu, Yuchuan; Hu, Yin Objective: Community health services are an emerging trend. We have found in practice that diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases in the community are distinct. The respiratory department’s daily work involves a […]

Obstructive Sleep Apnea-Hypopnea Syndrome (OSAHS) and Liver Fibrosis

Relationship between obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and liver fibrosis

Relationship between obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and liver fibrosis Authors: Kan, Haifeng ; Chen, Long; Yang, Zhiyun ; Zhu, Shixiang Abstract: Objective: The current study discusses the relationship between sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) and liver fibrosis by determining the level of plasma hyaluronic acid (HA), procollagen III (PIII), collagen IV (IVC), and laminin (LN) in OSAHS patients […]

Chemoprophylactic Effect on Close Contacts of Patients with Active Tuberculosis

Analysis of the chemoprophylactic effect on close contacts of patients with active tuberculosis and positive tuberculin skin tests

Analysis of the chemoprophylactic effect on close contacts of patients with active tuberculosis and positive tuberculin skin Authors: Lin, Cunzhi 1; Wang, Fangfang 1; Li, Jinfeng1; Du, Jianxin 1; Wang, Hairong2; Zhu, Xinhong 3 Objective: The current study analyzed the chemoprophylactic effect of isoniazide on close contacts of patients with active tuberculosis and positive tuberculin skin tests (TSTs). Methods: A […]

Esophageal Cancer in Middle-aged and Elderly Patients

Association between esophageal cancer in middle-aged and elderly patients and body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio

Association between esophageal cancer in middle-aged and elderly patients and body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio Authors: Yan, Lihui 1; Shan, Zhongyuan 2; Sun, Ying2; Yan, Ying 2; Lu, Zhiquan 3 Objective: This study determined the relationship between esophageal cancer in middle-aged and elderly patients and body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR). Methods: A hospital-based case-control study […]