Category archives for all Original Research

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan

An evaluation of a screening programme for immigrant women to Taiwan Authors: Huang, Yu-Chu; Mathers, Nigel Joseph; Chia, Su-Lih; Shiu, Ming-Neng; Kao, Shu-Chen Objective: We aimed to evaluate an integrated screening program for female migrants to Taiwan. Method: We performed a mixed methodological evaluation of a public health nurse (PHN)-led intervention to promote an integrated […]

Implementation of a novel train-the-trainer program for pharmacists in China

train the trainer program for pharmacists

Implementation of a novel train-the-trainer program for pharmacists in China Authors: Banh, Hoan Linh; Cave, Andrew Clinical pharmacy services in North American are well implemented both in community pharmacies and in hospital pharmacies. In 2009 the Chinese government mandated the implementation of clinical pharmacy services in all secondary and tertiary hospitals by 2020. The mandate […]

Integrated care and training in family practice

Prof Meng-Chih Lee on integrated care

Integrated care and training in family practice in the 21st century: Taiwan as an example Author: Lee, Meng-Chih As the President-elect for the Asia Pacific region of the World Organization of Family Doctors (WONCA), I would like to share my thoughts with Family Medicine and Community Health readers. In the 21st century, the new directions of […]

Why global health work should be incorporated into family medicine residency training

Papanicolaou test

A resident’s perspective on why global health work should be incorporated into family medicine residency training Author: Sweeney, Sarah We sat in a circle in the front room of a simple cement home – a family physician and a social worker both with decades of experience in global health work, me, a second year family […]

HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda

Traditional knowledge in HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda

Traditional knowledge in HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention program in northern Uganda pp. 46-52(7) Author: Akena, Francis Adyanga Uganda’s health care sector is choking with various challenges, such as poor physical infrastructure, inadequate professionals to run the few existing health centers, poor culture of adherence to professional ethical standards by some health care practitioners, shortages of […]

Performing arts as a social technology for community health promotion in northern Ghana

performing arts in northern Ghana

Performing arts as a social technology for community health promotion in northern Ghana Authors: Frishkopf, Michael; Hamze, Hasan; Alhassan, Mubarak; Zukpeni, Ibrahim Abukari; Abu, Sulemana; Zakus, David Objective: We present first-phase results of a performing arts public health intervention, ‘Singing and Dancing for Health,’ aiming to promote healthier behaviors in Ghana’s impoverished Northern Region. We […]

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities

Conversations in accountability: Perspectives from three charities Author: Kirsch, David  Objective: The conversations in accountability were designed to gain an understanding of the use and changes to accountability in charities over time, including learning how results are measured. Methods: As part of a larger study which investigated accountability in charities working to reduce mortality of […]

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations: Similarities and differences between Brazil and Canada

Unregulated health care workers in the care of aging populations: Similarities and differences between Brazil and Canada Authors: Veras, Mirella; Paquet, Nicole; Oliveira, Eliany N.; Zakus, David; Deonandan, Raywat; Pottie, Kevin The world’s population is rapidly aging. Unregulated health care workers (UHCWs) are emerging as a potentially important workforce in the care of older adults. […]

Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people

Systematic reviews in general practice: Applicability of the review “Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people” in the People’s Republic of China

Systematic reviews in general practice: Applicability of the review “Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people” in the People’s Republic of China Author: Ferrier, John Adamm A major problem for Chinese primary health providers such as general practitioners has been the lack of a clear role within the entire health system, unlike in […]

Aids prevention and control

HIV China

Current situation of AIDS prevention and control with traditional Chinese medicine and relevant policies in China Authors: Shi, Xuefeng; Bian, Xuefeng; Wang, Weiqing; Fang, Yunyun This article analyzes the current system, the prevention and treatment team, drugs relating to AIDS prevention and control with traditional Chinese medicine, and the relevant policies in China so as […]

Critical importance of sense-making and values-congruent partnerships between general practitioners and patients following stroke

patients following stroke

Striking a balance: The critical importance of sense-making and values-congruent partnerships between general practitioners and patients following stroke Authors: Ehrlich, Carolyn; Kendall, Elizabeth; Catalano, Tara Objective: People with a recent experience of stroke commonly rely on general practice for assistance to manage everyday consequences and associated disability. In this study, we were interested in qualitatively […]

Family structure and support for the oldest old

support for the oldest old

Family structure and support for the oldest old: A cross-sectional study in Dujiangyan, China Authors: Ren, Xiaohui; Meng, Hongdao; Liu, Chaojie; Wu, Jinhui; Dong, Birong; Li, Ningxiu Objective: In China, adult children have traditionally provided support for their aged parents. This model of care is increasingly challenged by the decline of the extended family. Recently, […]

Exploration and practice of general practitioner responsibility system

general practitioner

Exploration and practice of general practitioner responsibility system in an urban community of Shanghai Authors: Wu, Yan; Zhao, Yanping; Huang, Xiaoxia; Wang, Junyan; Xu, Huilin; Su, Hualin Objective: The Minhang district of Shanghai was selected as the subject and its public health management model was investigated. Methods: Minhang became a pilot location for the implementation […]

Family medicine: Global health in practice

Family medicine: Global health in practice

Author: Morikawa, Masahiro J. For nearly 40 years, family medicine has been providing guiding principles in major global health programs. This article has two aims: (1) to review past major global health campaigns with a specific focus on the roles of family medicine to illustrate its relevance in global health, and (2) to address practical […]

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Authors: Kou, Tzuyung D.; Koroukian, Siran M.; Fu, Pingfu; Raghavan, Derek; Cooper, Gregory S; Li, Li Objective: Recent studies have reported the underuse of active surveillance or watchful waiting for low-risk prostate cancer in the United States. This study examined prostate cancer‐specific and all-cause death in elderly patients older than 75 years with low-risk tumors managed with active treatment versus […]

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers to specialty health care for uninsured patients

Authors: Werner, James J.; Corbett, Kitty K. Objective: This study describes strategies used by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) to assist medically uninsured patients in obtaining specialty health care services. Methods: Qualitative methods were used to study strategies for obtaining specialty health care for uninsured patients. Data were gathered from 10 primary care clinicians at three […]

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care: An exploratory study from Odisha, India

Authors: Pati, Sanghamitra; Nayak, Sukdev; Weller, David Objective: There has been a steady increase in the demand for cancer follow-up care in India. Compared with Western countries, there is little evidence on the capacity of the Indian primary care workforce to accommodate such tasks. We explored the perceptions of oncologists, general practitioners, and patients with regard to […]

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening: patient perceptions and preferences

Authors: Abola, Matthew V.; Fennimore, Todd F.; Chen, Marcia M.; Chen, Zhengyi; Sheth, Ashutosh K.; Cooper, Gregory; Li, Li Objective: Stool DNA (sDNA) tests offer a noninvasive form of colon cancer screening for patients, and although the test is expected to increase uptake of colon cancer screening, it is unknown if patients’ perceptions of the sDNA test differ according to race […]

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients

Revenue and Expenditure

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients Authors: Husaini, Baqar A.; Levine, Robert S.; Novotny, Meggan L.; Cain, Van A.; Sampson, Uchechukwu K.A.; Moonis, Majaz Objective: Depression and anxiety are frequently observed in heart failure (HF) patients; however, the effect of such factors on hospitalization costs of HF patients, and whether such costs vary by race and […]

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly

heart rate monitor

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly, 1999‐2013: Identifying counties with promising outcomes and opportunities for implementation research Authors: Mejia de Grubb, Maria C; Levine, Robert S; Kilbourne, Barbara; Husaini, Baqar A; Skelton, Tyler; Gittner, Lisa; Langston, Michael A; Rust, George E Objective: Describe modern trends in congestive heart failure (CHF) among elderly (>65 years of age) in the United States, […]

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care

Longitudinal study of a community hospital integrated model for diabetes management in the Beijing Jinsong community

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care: A quality improvement approach Authors: Juneja, Malvika; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Wang, Haijun; Spooner, Kiara; Zoorob, Roger J. Objective: This quality improvement project evaluated the impact of a point-of-care (POC) HbA1c stat lab intervention and a nurse-assisted expanded visit implemented among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D) at a community […]

Healthcare Costs for Firearms-Related Injuries

hospitalization costs

Hospitalizations and healthcare costs associated with serious, non-lethal firearm-related violence and injuries in the United States, 1998‐2011 Authors: Salemi, Jason L.; Jindal, Vikas; Wilson, Roneé E.; Mogos, Mulubrhan F.; Aliyu, Muktar H.; Salihu, Hamisu M. Objective: To describe the prevalence, trends, correlates, and short-term outcomes of inpatient hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries (FRIs) in the United States between 1998 and 2011. […]

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice

general practitioner

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice Authors: Sidani, Mohamad ; Harris, Jaden ; Zoorob, Roger J Objective: Vaccines prevent many cases of infectious disease, yet immunization campaigns are hindered by various barriers. This work presents the results of a quality improvement project addressing barriers to vaccine compliance in an underserved teaching practice by reducing […]

The Vermont Integration Profile

The Vermont Integration Profile-Evaluating the Process of Mental Health and Primary Care Integration

The Vermont Integration Profile-Evaluating the Process of Mental Health and Primary Care Integration Author: Kessler, Rodger Objective: We developed and tested a measure to identify level of primary care behavioral health integration. We produced a thirty item, six domain electronically delivered measure, and a total score. Methods: We generated a convenience sample of 137 survey […]

Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Assistance Program in China

Effectiveness of an employment-based smoking cessation assistance program in China

Effectiveness of a Smoking Cessation Assistance Program in China Authors: Li, Peizhong; Larrison, Christopher; Lennox, Richard; Mollenhauer, Matt; Sharar, David A. Objective: The objective of this study was to adapt an evidence-based smoking cessation intervention initially developed in the United States to the Chinese context and evaluate the effectiveness of this intervention in China. Method: A smoking cessation program […]