Category archives for Volume 1

Viral Hepatitis B-related Diseases

the economic burden of inpatients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related diseases and the influencing factors

Economic burden of inpatients with viral hepatitis B-related diseases and the influencing factors Authors: Zhang, Hua; Chao, Jianqian; Zhu, Liguo; Song, Long; Li, Xiyan; Liu, Pei Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the economic burden of inpatients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related diseases and the influencing factors so as to provide an effective basis for the development […]

Cochrane Updates and Nice Guidelines Volume 1 Issue 4

Performance evaluation indicator system for the implementation of essential drug system in community health service institutions

Cochrane Updates and Nice Guidelines Volume 1 Issue 4 Cochrane Updates & NICE Guidelines, Practical Evidence About Real Life Situations (PEARLS) are succinct summaries of Cochrane Systematic Reviews for primary care practitioners. PEARLS provide guidance on whether a treatment is effective or ineffective, prepared as an educational resource and not replacing clinician judgment in the management of individual cases. […]

Collapse in the supermarket

Longitudinal study of a community hospital integrated model for diabetes management in the Beijing Jinsong community

Collapse in the supermarket Author: Murtagh, John The story One morning I received an urgent call from the manager of the local supermarket, which was  only about 50 meters from my clinic. “Would you please come because the ambulance may take about 30 or more minutes”? The manager said that a young man who had been shopping was found unconscious […]

Bystander Resuscitation of a Near-Drowning Child

The challenge of chronic non-communicable disease and the opportunity for transforming health care through primary care based population health management

Bystander resuscitation of a near-drowning child in a rural south China township Authors: Wu, Zhixin; He, Mingfeng; Guo, Qihong; Kuang, Minhua We report resuscitation of a near-drowning child by a bystander in a rural south China township. Resuscitation was performed on a 6-year-old, otherwise healthy boy who was witnessed drowning in a river, with submersion for approximately 12 […]

Physical-mental Treatment of Cardiovascular Disease Co-Morbid with Mental Disorders

The ‘physical-mental’ treatment of cardiovascular disease co-morbid with mental disorders

The ‘physical-mental’ treatment of cardiovascular disease co-morbid with mental disorders Authors: Ren, Yanping; Yang, Hui; Browning, Colette; Thomas, Shane A 47-year-old woman complained of sudden chest tightness, shortness of breath, palpitations and a severe headache. Her highest blood pressure had reached 200/120 mmHg before and was diagnosed as hypertension. One month ago, the results of her cranial CT […]

Patients with Neurocognitive Disorders

Memory and behavior neurocognitive problems and caregivers’ attitudes

Memory and behavior-related problems of patients with neurocognitive disorders and the attitudes of their caregivers Authors: Wang, Qingyan; Jiang, Fen; Chen, Sanmei; Tang, Siyuan Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the memory and behavior-related problems of patients with neurocognitive disorders and the attitudes of their caregivers so as to provide an effective basis for nursing […]

Ethnic Minorities and Han Nationality in China

A case-control study on family environment characteristics of accident-prone children

Health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality in China Authors: Sun, Yu; Cao, Qian; Zhang, Rong; Chen, Lu Objective: The purpose of this study was to understand the health-related behaviors in children of ethnic minorities and Han nationality so as to provide a basis for formulating a health promotion plan, reasonably allocating health resources, and […]

Epidemiologic Survey and Analysis of Mild Cognitive Impairment

Epidemiologic survey and analysis of mild cognitive impairment

Epidemiologic survey and analysis of mild cognitive impairment amongst community senior citizens of Changsha City Authors: Zhang, Xueqing; Zeng, Hui Objective: The purpose of the current study was to conduct a mild cognitive impairment (MCI) prevalence survey among the community senior citizens of Changsha City and analyze possible relevant factors so as to perform early screening […]

Computer-assisted Information System for Respiratory Diseases

Development of community health service-oriented computer-assisted information system for diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases

Development of community health service-oriented computer-assisted information system for diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases Authors: Wu, Yuefang; Yao, Xin; Sun, Peili; Hu, Yong; Zhu, Yuchuan; Hu, Yin Objective: Community health services are an emerging trend. We have found in practice that diagnosis and treatment of respiratory diseases in the community are distinct. The respiratory department’s daily work involves a […]

Overactive bladder

over active bladder

Overactive bladder Abstract: Overactive bladder (OAB) is known to affect millions of people worldwide, with a subsequent deleterious impact on the quality of life. The clinical diagnosis of OAB requires, at a minimum, a meticulous history, physical examination, and urinalysis. The American Urological Association views OAB as a symptom complex, not a life-threatening disease, and […]

Effect of calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients

effect of 1.75 mmol/L calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients

Prospective study of the short-term effect of 1.75 mmol/L calcium concentration dialysate on hemodialysis patients Authors: Zhang, Dongliang ; Sun, Fang; Zhou, Yilun ; Sun, Yi; Cui, Taigen ; Liu, Wenhu  Objective: The purpose of the current study was to determine the influence of a 1.75 mmol/L calcium (Ca) concentration dialysate (DCa 1.75) during maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) therapy for patients […]

Health professionals’ perspective on the impact of community health care reform in different regions of China

Health professionals’ perspective on the impact of community health care reform in different regions of China

Health professionals’ perspective on the impact of community health care reform in different regions of China Authors: Zhang, Yanchun; Qin, Jiangmei; Zhang, Lifang; Liu, Liqun; Zhou, Wei Changes in supplying community health services, degree of satisfaction, and policy suggestions are presented from the perspectives of health professionals in different regions of China with the purpose […]

Epidemiology of community pre-hypertensive patients and related risk factors in Chengdu city

Types of community health services selected by urban and suburban residents in Nanjing and influencing factors

Epidemiology of community pre-hypertensive patients and related risk factors in Chengdu city Authors: Chen, Xinyun; Yan, Yafei; Qin, Fang; Jiang, Xiaojing; Yu, Bo; Shang, Fang; Liu, Jian; Wu, Yuelei; Tang, Dan; Yao, Yuanyuan; Zhang, Tingjie This study aims to explore the epidemiologic characteristics of pre-hypertension, its related risk factors of cardiovascular diseases and its relativity with metabolic disorders among community residents of Chengdu city. Methods: […]

Challenges in the provision of community aged care in China

archives of reviews

Challenges in the provision of community aged care in China Authors: Yang, Hui; Browning, Colette; Thomas, Shane Objective: Population ageing in China is a significant challenge for the Chinese government, the society and Chinese people. The dramatic process of population ageing together with social and economic diversity in China has created issues in the availability, equality and sustainability of […]

Depression and Malignancy

managing depression

Case studies in mental health in general practice: depression and malignancy Authors: Fehily, Sasha; Blashki, Grant; Judd, Fiona; Piterman, Leon; Yang, Hui We reported a case of a 58-year-old single mother, who was diagnosed with a grade 3 invasive ductal carcinoma with a total Nottingham score of eight. The patient is struggling with overwhelming thoughts […]

Head injury in a 62-year-old man affected by alcohol

Head injury in a 62-year-old man affected by alcohol

Head injury in a 62-year-old man affected by alcohol Author: Murtagh, John A 62-year-old man was brought to the emergency room by his friends because he was intoxicated from alcohol and had sustained injuries from a fall on the footpath. Prior to this, he had been argumentative and had a fight with two younger men. According […]

Management of coronary heart disease

The Community Hub: a proposal to change the role of Residential Aged Care Facilities (RACFs)

Motivational interviewing and its application in the management of coronary heart disease Authors: Ren, Yanping; Browning, Colette; Yang, Hui; Thomas, Shane This review paper explores the concept, spirit, principles, and core skills of motivational interviewing (MI) as a psychological approach applied to CHD patients.Methods: Literature reviews based on English and Chinese articles. Results: The English […]

Optimal incentive mechanism

Optimal incentive mechanism for dual referral based on the analytic hierarchy process

Optimal incentive mechanism for dual referral based on the analytic hierarchy process Author: Lei, Guanghe The optimal incentive mechanism for dual referral is discussed to provide a decision-making foundation for the implementation of a dual referral incentive mechanism. Methods: We established a multi-hierarchy evaluation model for a dual referral incentive mechanism by analyzing the main […]

Performance evaluation indicator system

Performance evaluation indicator system for the implementation of essential drug system in community health service institutions

Performance evaluation indicator system for the implementation of essential drug system in community health service institutions Authors: Zhang, Lifang; Jia, Yan; Zhang, Yanchun; Wu, Ning; Qin, Jiangmei This research aims to develop a more scientific and reasonable performance evaluation indicator system for the implementation of an essential drug system in community health service institutions. Methods: The Delphi method was […]

Evaluation of urban community health care service functions

General medical practice in China: evaluation of urban community health care service functions based on a rough set reduction theory

General medical practice in China: evaluation of urban community health care service functions based on a rough set reduction theory. Authors: Li, Liqing; Zhou, Xiaojun; Li, Zhongjie This study aims to achieve an empirical evaluation on the functional performances of urban community health care services in five administrative districts of Nanchang city in China. Methods: In order […]

Induction of resistance vessel dilation by ginger root juice

Induction of resistance vessel dilation by ginger root juice, possibly through extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase activation in endothelial cells

Induction of resistance vessel dilation by ginger root juice, possibly through extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and endothelial nitric oxide synthase activation in endothelial cells Authors: Bird, Elizabeth; Shah, Dinesh M. To investigate the effects of ginger root juice on contractibility of resistance blood vessels from mice and on activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) and […]

Cochrane Updates & NICE Guidelines Volume 1 Issue 1

Cochrane Updates & NICE Guidelines

Cochrane Updates & NICE Guidelines Volume 1 Issue 1 Cochrane Updates & NICE Guidelines, Practical Evidence About Real Life Situations (PEARLS) are succinct summaries of Cochrane Systematic Reviews for primary care practitioners. PEARLS provide guidance on whether a treatment is effective or ineffective, prepared as an educational resource and not replacing clinician judgment in the management of individual […]

Two cases of a super mimic

super mimic

Two cases of a super mimic Author: Murtagh, John Case 1 History: Ching, a 38 year old school teacher, presented with a 14 day history of tiredness, weakness, anorexia and mouth ulcers. She said that for the past 12 months her health had been poor and that she had struggled to inject much energy into her work. […]

Alternative sampling methods for collection of urine specimens

alternative sampling methods

Diagnostic technology: alternative sampling methods for collection of urine specimens in older adults Authors: Latour, Katrien; Plüddemann, Annette; Thompson, Matthew; Catry, Boudewijn; Price, Christopher P; Heneghan, Carl; Buntinx, Frank. Clinical Question: Which sampling methods other than in-andout catheterization or suprapubic aspiration can be used to collect valid uncontaminated urine specimens for microbiological culture in older adults? Background, Current Practice and Advantages over Existing Technology: Urinary tract infections […]

Analysis on necessity of community health service development

Preparation of a questionnaire for disease knowledge-attitude-practice awareness of patients with remitted schizophrenia based on a structural equation model

Analysis on necessity of community health service development based on limits-to-growth archetype Authors: Li, Liqing; Zhou, Xiaojun Objective: To analyze the necessity of community health service (CHS) development in Jiangxi province based on the current status of healthcare in Jiangxi Province. Method: The study did a systematic survey on the CHS development among health service organizations in Jiangxi province. […]