Category archives for Volume 3

Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people

Systematic reviews in general practice: Applicability of the review “Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people” in the People’s Republic of China

Systematic reviews in general practice: Applicability of the review “Mass media interventions for preventing smoking in young people” in the People’s Republic of China Author: Ferrier, John Adamm A major problem for Chinese primary health providers such as general practitioners has been the lack of a clear role within the entire health system, unlike in […]

Aids prevention and control

HIV China

Current situation of AIDS prevention and control with traditional Chinese medicine and relevant policies in ChinaAuthors: Shi, Xuefeng; Bian, Xuefeng; Wang, Weiqing; Fang, Yunyun This article analyzes the current system, the prevention and treatment team, drugs relating to AIDS prevention and control with traditional Chinese medicine, and the relevant policies in China so as to […]

A new paradigm for assessment of infant feeding deviation

A new paradigm for assessment of infant feeding deviation

A new paradigm for assessment of infant feeding deviation Author: Rothenbury, Ailsa Normal child development is slow from birth to 25 years. Since Neolithic times, humans have relied on common sense, learned by trial and error, and mourned infants lost to infection and malnutrition. In recent times, knowledge of the process accelerated with increasing interest […]

The role of a community health service in the prevention of violence against women

prevention of violence against women

The role of a community health service in the prevention of violence against women Authors: Upston, Bronwyn; Poljski, Carolyn; Wirtz, Helen Link Health and Community (previously known as MonashLink Community Health Service) in Melbourne, Australia, has adopted an innovative approach to its role in the prevention of violence against women. By building on its local […]

A paradigm shift in models of oral health care: An example and a call to action

A paradigm shift in models of oral health care

A paradigm shift in models of oral health care: An example and a call to action Authors: Christian, Bradley; Hall, Martin; Martin, Rachel The consequences of oral disease are wide-ranging and can have a major impact on an individual’s and that person’s family’s quality of life. A range of factors interact to determine a person’s […]

Critical importance of sense-making and values-congruent partnerships between general practitioners and patients following stroke

patients following stroke

Striking a balance: The critical importance of sense-making and values-congruent partnerships between general practitioners and patients following stroke Authors: Ehrlich, Carolyn; Kendall, Elizabeth; Catalano, Tara Objective: People with a recent experience of stroke commonly rely on general practice for assistance to manage everyday consequences and associated disability. In this study, we were interested in qualitatively […]

Family structure and support for the oldest old

support for the oldest old

Family structure and support for the oldest old: A cross-sectional study in Dujiangyan, China Authors: Ren, Xiaohui; Meng, Hongdao; Liu, Chaojie; Wu, Jinhui; Dong, Birong; Li, Ningxiu Objective: In China, adult children have traditionally provided support for their aged parents. This model of care is increasingly challenged by the decline of the extended family. Recently, […]

Exploration and practice of general practitioner responsibility system

general practitioner

Exploration and practice of general practitioner responsibility system in an urban community of Shanghai Authors: Wu, Yan; Zhao, Yanping; Huang, Xiaoxia; Wang, Junyan; Xu, Huilin; Su, Hualin Objective: The Minhang district of Shanghai was selected as the subject and its public health management model was investigated. Methods: Minhang became a pilot location for the implementation […]

The innovations in China’s primary health care reform

universal health insurance coverage in China

Authors: Lin, Feng; Sun, Qihong; Peng, Zhangping; Cai, Jun; Geanacopoulos, Philip; Li, Lin; Zhao, Yun; Zhang, Xin; Chen, Xiaoxiao Objective: This study focuses on Hangzhou, a Chinese city with a population of nine million urban and rural residents, to examine the successful development and innovation experience of its primary health care service system during the new health reform in China since 2009 and […]

Primary health care, a concept to be fully understood and implemented

Primary health care, a concept to be fully understood and implemented in current China’s health care reform

Authors: Xu, Guoping; Wang, Jiaji The English concept “primary health care” (PHC) has been misunderstood and wrongly interpreted in Chinese as “entry-level health care” for more than a half century. On the other hand, specialty care was considered “advanced health care.” This misconception of PHC permeated the government and the health care field with many negative […]

Family medicine: Global health in practice

Family medicine: Global health in practice

Author: Morikawa, Masahiro J. For nearly 40 years, family medicine has been providing guiding principles in major global health programs. This article has two aims: (1) to review past major global health campaigns with a specific focus on the roles of family medicine to illustrate its relevance in global health, and (2) to address practical […]

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Survival in men older than 75 years with low- and intermediate-grade prostate cancer

Authors: Kou, Tzuyung D.; Koroukian, Siran M.; Fu, Pingfu; Raghavan, Derek; Cooper, Gregory S; Li, Li Objective: Recent studies have reported the underuse of active surveillance or watchful waiting for low-risk prostate cancer in the United States. This study examined prostate cancer‐specific and all-cause death in elderly patients older than 75 years with low-risk tumors managed with active treatment versus […]

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers

Primary care clinicians’ strategies to overcome financial barriers to specialty health care for uninsured patients

Authors: Werner, James J.; Corbett, Kitty K. Objective: This study describes strategies used by federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) to assist medically uninsured patients in obtaining specialty health care services. Methods: Qualitative methods were used to study strategies for obtaining specialty health care for uninsured patients. Data were gathered from 10 primary care clinicians at three […]

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care

Disconnect between primary care and cancer follow-up care: An exploratory study from Odisha, India

Authors: Pati, Sanghamitra; Nayak, Sukdev; Weller, David Objective: There has been a steady increase in the demand for cancer follow-up care in India. Compared with Western countries, there is little evidence on the capacity of the Indian primary care workforce to accommodate such tasks. We explored the perceptions of oncologists, general practitioners, and patients with regard to […]

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening

Stool DNA-based versus colonoscopy-based colorectal cancer screening: patient perceptions and preferences

Authors: Abola, Matthew V.; Fennimore, Todd F.; Chen, Marcia M.; Chen, Zhengyi; Sheth, Ashutosh K.; Cooper, Gregory; Li, Li Objective: Stool DNA (sDNA) tests offer a noninvasive form of colon cancer screening for patients, and although the test is expected to increase uptake of colon cancer screening, it is unknown if patients’ perceptions of the sDNA test differ according to race […]

Chinese medicine in a Chinese community health center

Integration of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in a Chinese community health center

Integration of traditional Chinese medicine and Western medicine in a Chinese community health center Authors: Kushner, Kenneth; Yu, Shuang Objective: Although the literature is abundant on traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in the West, there is limited information on how TCM is integrated with Western medicine (WM). We describe how one Chinese Community Health Service (CHS) system […]

Evaluation of obstetrics procedure

Evaluation of obstetrics procedure competency of family medicine residents

Evaluation of obstetrics procedure competency of family medicine residents Authors: Wang, Haijun; Warwick, Eric; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Deng, Nanfu; Corboy, Jane Objective: To establish a procedure evaluation system to monitor residents’ improvement in obstetrics (OB) procedures performance and skills during the training period. Methods: A web-based procedure logging and evaluation system was developed using Microsoft.net technology […]

Student self-assessment of strengths and needed improvements

student self-assessment

Student self-assessment of strengths and needed improvements during a family medicine clerkship Authors: Huang, William; Barning, Kenneth; Grigoryan, Larissa Objective: There are few reports on how students self-assess their performance on a family medicine clerkship. We studied what students perceived as their strengths and areas of needed improvement at the mid-point in our family medicine clerkship.Methods: We […]

A review of adult asthma

A review of adult asthma and the effectiveness of education programs in reducing symptoms

A review of adult asthma and the effectiveness of education programs in reducing symptoms Authors: Perkison, William Brett; Sidani, Mohamad Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease that occurs in children and adults. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) recommends asthma self-management education to be essential in providing patients with the skills necessary to control […]

Patient-centered medical home and integrated care in the United States

managing depression

Patient-centered medical home and integrated care in the United States: An opportunity to maximize delivery of primary care Authors: Gonzalez, Sandra J.; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Zoorob, Roger J. The reciprocal relationship between mental and physical health is well established. Undiagnosed, untreated, and poorly managed mental health conditions are associated with numerous physical health complications, poor […]

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients

Revenue and Expenditure

Depression and race affect hospitalization costs of heart failure patients Authors: Husaini, Baqar A.; Levine, Robert S.; Novotny, Meggan L.; Cain, Van A.; Sampson, Uchechukwu K.A.; Moonis, Majaz Objective: Depression and anxiety are frequently observed in heart failure (HF) patients; however, the effect of such factors on hospitalization costs of HF patients, and whether such costs vary by race and […]

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly

heart rate monitor

Rural congestive heart failure mortality among US elderly, 1999‐2013: Identifying counties with promising outcomes and opportunities for implementation research Authors: Mejia de Grubb, Maria C; Levine, Robert S; Kilbourne, Barbara; Husaini, Baqar A; Skelton, Tyler; Gittner, Lisa; Langston, Michael A; Rust, George E Objective: Describe modern trends in congestive heart failure (CHF) among elderly (>65 years of age) in the United States, […]

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care

Longitudinal study of a community hospital integrated model for diabetes management in the Beijing Jinsong community

Exploring point-of-care transformation in diabetic care: A quality improvement approach Authors: Juneja, Malvika; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Wang, Haijun; Spooner, Kiara; Zoorob, Roger J. Objective: This quality improvement project evaluated the impact of a point-of-care (POC) HbA1c stat lab intervention and a nurse-assisted expanded visit implemented among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes (T2D) at a community […]

Healthcare Costs for Firearms-Related Injuries

hospitalization costs

Hospitalizations and healthcare costs associated with serious, non-lethal firearm-related violence and injuries in the United States, 1998‐2011 Authors: Salemi, Jason L.; Jindal, Vikas; Wilson, Roneé E.; Mogos, Mulubrhan F.; Aliyu, Muktar H.; Salihu, Hamisu M. Objective: To describe the prevalence, trends, correlates, and short-term outcomes of inpatient hospitalizations for firearm-related injuries (FRIs) in the United States between 1998 and 2011. […]

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice

general practitioner

Adult immunization improvement in an underserved family medicine practice Authors: Sidani, Mohamad ; Harris, Jaden ; Zoorob, Roger J Objective: Vaccines prevent many cases of infectious disease, yet immunization campaigns are hindered by various barriers. This work presents the results of a quality improvement project addressing barriers to vaccine compliance in an underserved teaching practice by reducing […]