Category archives for Volume 6

Acknowledgement to reviewers

The high scientific standards maintained by Family Medicine and Community Health (FMCH) in its papers owe much to the continuing dedication of the journal’s reviewers, who give freely of their time and expertise. We are pleased to pay tribute to this contribution by recognizing those who have participated in the review process. Thus, the Editors and publishers […]

Efficiency of community health centers in China during 2013‐2015: A synchronic and diachronic study*

health care costs

Authors: Zhao, Lin; Zhang, Yao; Hou, Yabing; Yan, Guiming We aimed to explore the efficiency of community health centers (CHCs) in China from 2013 to 2015, providing policy suggestions for optimizing the allocation of health resources. Methods: Data on the efficiency of CHCs in 30 provinces/autonomous regions/municipalities in mainland China (except Tibet) from 2013 to 2015 were collected from China’s Health […]

The challenge given by Zika virus

Author: Vargas Rodriguez, Juan Sebastian Public health has been a great challenge in many parts of the world, and underdeveloped nations present the greatest challenges in addressing the health problems in the field of public health. In recent years there have been outbreaks of reemerging diseases transmitted by vectors, such as the mosquito, Zika virus disease […]

Comprehensive AIDS prevention programs in prisons: A review study

HIV prevention

Authors: Zare, Somayeh; Kargar, Mehdi; Ostovarfar, Jeyran; Kaveh, Mohammad Hossein Since prisoners may acquire AIDS and transmit HIV because of highly risky behaviors, implementation of educational and therapeutic programs is important in decreasing the prevalence of AIDS and transmission of HIV. This study was conducted to recognize different types of interventions and compare their effectiveness regarding prevention of AIDS […]

Factors associated with visit-to-visit variability of blood pressure in hypertensive patients at a Primary Health Care Service, Tabanan, Bali, Indonesia

Authors: Riska Pertiwi, Gusti Ayu; Ngurah Aryawangsa, Anak Agung; Prabawa, I Putu Yuda; Putra Manuaba, Ida Bagus Amertha; Bhargah, Agha; Sri Ratni, Ni Wayan; Budiana, I Putu Gede An increasing number of valid and well-designed trials have demonstrated a positive correlation between visit-to-visit variability (VVV) in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and increased risk of stroke and coronary heart disease among hypertensive patients. […]

Nutritional status in adolescent girls: Attempt to determine its prevalence and its association with sociodemographic variables

Authors: Chandrashekarappa, Smitha Malenahalli; Ramakrishnaiah, Narayana Murthy Mysuru; Manjunath, Renuka To determine the prevalence of malnutrition among adolescent girls and to assess the association of nutrition with sociodemographic variables. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among adolescent girls aged 16‐19 years. Data regarding sociodemographic variables were collected by administration of a prestructured, pretested questionnaire. Height and weight were measured […]

Predictors of successfully quitting smoking among smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia


Authors:Mohammad, Nur Izzati; Ghazali, Selasawati; Shafei, Mohd Nazri The objectives of this study were to determine the proportion of smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia who successfully quit smoking and the predictive factors for successfully quitting smoking. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study involving smokers aged more than […]

Relationship between glycemic control and perceived family support among people with type 2 diabetes mellitus seen in a rich kinship network in Southwest Nigeria

Authors:Osuji, Nnenna A.; Ojo, Oluwaseun Solomon; Malomo, Sunday O.; Sogunle, Peter T.; Egunjobi, Ademola O.; Odebunmi, Olufisayo O. The practice of diabetes self-care behaviors has been cited as a foundation for achieving optimal glycemic control. Proper motivation of people with diabetes mellitus is, however, needed for the performance of these behaviors. It is therefore pertinent […]

Adherence to clinical guidelines for monitoring diabetes in primary care settings

Authors: Dai, Mingliang; Peabody, Michael R.; Peterson, Lars E.; Mainous, Arch G. Source: Family Medicine and Community Health, Volume 6, Number 4, 1 December 2018, pp. 161-167(7) Publisher: Compuscript DOI: This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence. Download Article PDF Abstract                                […]

Number, distribution, and predicted needed number of general practitioners in China

health care stats

Authors: Wu, Baoling; Gong, Hanxiang; Luo, Zhenni We aimed to investigate the number and distribution of general practitioners (GPs) in China, and to predict the number of GPs needed in the future. Methods: From China Health Statistics Yearbook 2014, China Health Statistics Yearbook 2016 and China Statistical Yearbook 2016, we obtained the number of GPs and the populations in China […]

The role of the teaching practice in undergraduate medical education: A perspective from the United States of America

teaching practice

Authors: Fetters, Michael D.; Rew, Joanna; Heidelbaugh, Joel J. This article describes and reflects on the role of teaching practices in undergraduate medical education on the basis of teaching experience in the United States of America. China in particular, but also other family medicine‐emerging countries, continues to embark on a path of creating and embracing a family medicine‐centric […]

Integrated primary care‐behavioral health program development and implementation in a rural context

health care costs

Authors: Campbell, Kendra; McKnight, Loren; Vasquez, Angel R. Despite the known benefits of integrated primary care and behavioral health services, integrated behavioral health services have not been readily used in medical clinics in interior Alaska. With minimal resources, we recently developed an integrated primary care‐behavioral health program in a medical clinic in interior Alaska to meet […]

A cross-sectional study to assess the out-of-pocket expenditure of families on the health care of children younger than 5 years in a rural area

health care of children

Authors: Shrivastava, Saurabh RamBihariLal; Shrivastava, Prateek Saurabh This study aimed to estimate the out-of-pocket expenditure of families on the health care of children younger than 5 years in a rural area of Kancheepuram district. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in a rural area of Kancheepuram district for 5 months. All households with at least one child […]

Blood pressure‐controlling behavior in relation to educational level and economic status among hypertensive women in Ghana

hypertensive women

Authors: Ghose, Bishwajit; Yaya, Sanni To explore the association between economic status and educational level with self-management behavior (medication adherence, controlling body weight, reducing salt intake, performing physical exercise, reducing alcohol consumption, abstaining from smoking, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption) among hypertensive women in Ghana. Methods: Cross-sectional data on 598 women were collected from the Ghana Demographic and […]

Development and validation of the Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale


Authors: Ishola, Ajibola A.; Obasi, Chisom C.; Sholuke, Ismail T. Postpartum depression, a common complication in childbearing women, is of great public health concern. Previous screening tools have focused on depressed mood, with less attention paid to postpartum anxiety and suicidal ideation. This study developed and validated a tool to measure postpartum depression among mothers of preterm babies. […]

Factors influencing IOP changes in postmenopausal women

Intraocular pressure

Authors: Siuw, Chin P.; Vasudevan, Suresh; Mustapha, Mushawiathi Intraocular pressure (IOP) is essential in maintaining normal function of the eye. High IOP is associated with glaucoma. Many physiological factors, including age and hormones, can cause variation in IOP. This study was designed to investigate IOP changes in postmenopausal women and the associated factors, which included sex […]

Has Mayaro virus always existed or is it new?

Author: Juan Vargas Mayaro virus has always been one of the significant challenges for biomedical science, and efforts are aimed at intervening factors preventing viruses from spreading. This letter reviews recent research on emerging zoonotic viruses in Latin America, focusing on Mayaro virus as a new threat. It also considers vector and clinical characteristics and […]

Impacts from the implementation of a Novel Clinical Pharmacist Training Program in Changsha, Hunan Province, China

Novel Clinical Pharmacist

Authors: Xu, Ping; Xiang, Da Xiong; Cave, Andrew J.; Banh, Hoan Linh The Ministry of Health and Family Planning of the People’s Republic of China issued a mandate to all hospitals to implement clinical pharmacy services by 2020. Implementation of clinical pharmacy services to provide pharmaceutical care is a priority. The Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University in […]

The role of the teaching practice in undergraduate education ‐ A British perspective

role of teaching practice

Author: Houlston, Patricia This article describes and reflects on the role of the teaching practice in undergraduate education on the basis of the author’s experience in the United Kingdom. Recognizing that China is addressing the huge task of developing a general practice workforce in an unprecedented short time, I hope that sharing these ideas will be […]

Geographic and health system correlates of interprofessional oral health practice

Geographic and health system correlates of interprofessional oral health practice

Authors: Boynes, Sean G.; Lauer, Abigail; Martin, Amy This study explores geographic, system, and organizational constructs that predict medical care teams’ willingness to administer fluoride varnish and conduct oral health risk assessments. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of voluntary health professionals attending trainings on interprofessional oral health practice was completed at ten meetings across the United States from April through […]

Cross-sectional analysis of obesity and high blood pressure among undergraduate students of a university medical college in South India

Authors: Chenji, Sravan Kumar; Rao, Chythra R.; Sivanesan, Saranya; Kamath, Veena; Kamath, Asha To estimate the prevalence of obesity and high blood pressure among undergraduate students of a university medical college. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at a medical college among 434 medical students. A questionnaire was used to collect basic demographic details, followed by anthropometric measurements. Body mass index […]

Prevalence of risk factors for noncommunicable diseases among rural women in Yemen

Author: Alwabr, Gawad M.A. The objective of this study was to expand the evidence base on the prevalence of risk factors for the main noncommunicable diseases (such as diabetes mellitus, blood pressure, and obesity) among rural women in Yemen. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among 450 rural women in the age range from 18 to […]

Assessing the implementation of the family care team in the district health system of health region 2, Thailand

family care

Authors: Kitreerawutiwong, Nithra; Mekrungrengwong, Sunsanee; Wongwonsin, Artitaya; Phetphum, Chakkraphan Background: The family care team (FCT) was established to improve the quality of care. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of FCT implementation and describe the challenges inherent in implementing the FCT. Methods: Forty in-depth interviews were conducted. The interviewees consisted of five primary care managers in the […]