Community Mental Health Services in China

The current status of community mental health services in three northern areas of China

Authors: Yang, Xiaoyi 1; Yang, Fengchi 2; Fu, Wenqing1; Guo, Lingling 1; Xu, Lihua1; Zhang, Hui 2

Objective: This study investigated and discussed the current status of community mental health service in three northern areas of China (Beijing, Harbin, and Karamay) in an effort to improve the community mental health services in China.
Methods: In this study 176 residents from communities of the three northern areas of China were involved and divided into 18 groups. The study was conducted according to a self-prepared structured interview outline.
Results: The analysis was conducted based on the following four perspectives: 1. community residents’ understanding of the mental health problems and how they treated psychiatric patients; 2. community residents’ access to and application of mental health information; 3. community residents’ attitude to accept mental health services and the factors influencing community residents to seek help from mental health services; and 4. community residents’ attitude and willingness to participate in the activities of community mental health services. Conclusion: Based on the investigation and analysis regarding the current status of the community mental health services in three northern areas of China, it is concluded that the residents do not have s clear and complete understanding of mental health. The characteristics of mental health services had a regional correlation. Currently, the mental health services do not work effectively, and the residents are somewhat passive in obtaining information about mental health. Community mental health services should be offered according to different individual needs of the residents and the actual situations of each region.

Keywords: Community mental health services, Group interviews, Current status of services, Service resources, Service modes, Service demands

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2014.0104

Affiliations: 1: Clinical Psychology Institute of Medicine Department of Suzhou University in Suzhou City of Jiangsu Province 215123, China 2: School of Health Management and Education of Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, China