Counseling strategies for nutritional anemia by family physicians in Saudi Arabia, 2016: Implication for training

Counseling strategies for nutritional anemia by family physicians in Saudi Arabia, 2016: Implication for training 
pp. 259-265(7)

Authors: Elfakki, Fakhralddin Abbas Mohammed; AlBarrak, Njood Suliman Muhammed

Context: Prevalence of nutritional anemia among Saudi female and children is evident and has been reflected in different studies, most of researchers conclude that there is a gap in dietary counseling in addition to the poor awareness of community about appropriate dietary habits; this study is trying to assess counseling behavior and training competency of family physician at primary health centers with respect to nutritional anemia.

Objective: Study objective is to assess general beliefs, practice, and level of training in counseling by family physician.

Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study design; data collected using self-administered questionnaire provided to the doctor at clinic site.

Results: The most commonly learned counseling technique in order as follows motivational interviewing (68%), cognitive behavioral therapy (58%), and 15-Minute Hour approach (53%).

Conclusion: This study confirms the presence of positive counseling beliefs and practices by family physicians; however, the result is also reflects the current reluctant state of family physicians in devoting ample time for nutritional anemia counseling.