Article Types

Family Medicine and Community Health (FMCH) article types include Research Articles, Case Reports, Reviews, Commentaries and Letters to the Editor.

1. Research Article

These include randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic tests, outcome studies, cost effectiveness analyses, case-control series, and surveys with high response rates.

The text of research articles should be divided into sections with the headings:


Key words







For randomized controlled trials, please see the CONSORT Statement

For studies of diagnostic accuracy, please see the STARD initiative (link required)

For systematic reviews and meta-analyses, please see the QUOROM initiative (link required)

For observational studies in epidemiology, please see the STROBE Statement

For meta-analyses of observational studies in epidemiology, please see the MOOSE initiative (link required)

Do not repeat in detail data or other material given in the Introduction or the Results section.

In particular, contributors should avoid making statements on economic benefits and costs unless their manuscript includes economic data and analyses.

Avoid claiming priority and alluding to work that has not been completed. New hypotheses may be stated if needed, however they should be clearly identified as such.

The prescribed word count for research articles is 3000 words (excluding Abstracts, References and Tables). Approximately 30 references can be included.

These articles generally should not have more than six authors.

2. Case Report

New, interesting and rare cases can be reported. They should be unique, describing a great diagnostic or therapeutic challenge and providing a learning point for the readers. Cases with clinical significance or implications will be given priority.

Case reports should normally have four sections:

  • Background
  • Case Presentation
  • Conclusions
  • Consent


The background information should be accessible to those researchers without special knowledge in the area. This section should include a short literature review, and should end with a very brief statement on what is being reported in the article.

Case Presentation

The case should be presented with all of the necessary details including a discussion with references to the literature. Demographic information, medical history, symptoms and signs, and treatment or intervention of the patient should be provided.


The main conclusions and a clear explanation of their importance and relevance should be given.


This section should provide a statement to confirm that the patient has given their consent for the case report to be published.

The manuscript can be up to 1000 words (excluding the Abstract and References sections) and can be supported by up to ten references.

Case reports can be authored by up to four authors.

3. Review

It is expected that these articles would be written by individuals who have done substantial work on the subject or are considered experts in the field.

The manuscript should have an unstructured English abstract (250 words) representing an accurate summary of the article. The section titles will depend upon the topic reviewed.

Authors submitting review articles should include a section describing the methods used for locating, selecting, extracting, and analyzing data. These methods should also be summarized in the abstract.

Post-publication updates on the subject of review covering the advances in the areas should be sent as a letter to the editor, as and when major developments occur in the field.

The prescribed word count is up to 3000 words excluding tables, and the Abstract and References sections. Reviews may have approximately 90 references.

4. Commentary

These short, narrowly focused articles of contemporary interest are usually commissioned by the journal.

There are two common forms of Commentaries:

– the first form is a discussion of an article or trial that was recently published, or is soon to be published, which explains the implications of the article and puts it in context;

– the second form is more editorial in nature and covers an aspect of an issue within the journal’s scope. For example, the article can discuss topical advances in technology and changes in peer review or grant application procedures on research and treatment.


This should clearly state the background to the article and its aims, and should end with a brief statement outlining the issues at stake.

Main Text

This should contain the body of the article, and may be divided into subsections with concise, informative headings.


This should clearly state the main conclusions of the Commentary article and give a clear explanation of their importance and relevance.

5. Letter to the Editor

These should be short and decisive observations. They should preferably be related to articles previously published in Family Medicine and Community Health (FMCH) or views expressed in the journal. They should not be preliminary observations that need a later paper for validation. The letter can have up to 500 words and five references. Letters can, in general, be authored by not more than four authors.