Hypomagnesemia is a risk factor for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus in native Balinese
Objective: To determine the prevalence and the risk of hypomagnesemia on metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus events in native Balinese.
Methods: A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted in 111 subjects among native Balinese. Chi-square test was used to determine the prevalence risk (OR) of hypomagnesemia for metabolic syndrome and diabetes.
Results: Prevalence of hypomagnesemia was 17.1%. The prevalence of hypomagnesemia was higher in subjects with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus than those without (34.7% vs. 12.5%, P = 0.025; and 60.0% vs. 15.1%, P = 0.035). Hypomagnesemia was a risk factor for metabolic syndrome (OR = 3.7; 95% CI, 1.28-10.83) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (OR = 8.4; 95% CI, 1.30-54.50).
Conclusion: The prevalence of hypomagnesemia is very high among native Balinese and is an important risk factor for metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus events in the population.
Document Type: Research Article