Patient-centered medical home and integrated care in the United States

Patient-centered medical home and integrated care in the United States: An opportunity to maximize delivery of primary care

Authors: Gonzalez, Sandra J.; Mejia de Grubb, Maria C.; Zoorob, Roger J.

The reciprocal relationship between mental and physical health is well established. Undiagnosed, untreated, and poorly managed mental health conditions are associated with numerous physical health complications, poor treatment adherence, and decreased quality of life. Despite growing evidence regarding the importance of effectively addressing these conditions in primary care, the rates of identification remain low and follow-up and management by primary care providers has been criticized. The objective of this review was to demonstrate the role of Patient-Centered Medical Home (PCMH) and mental health integration in addressing comprehensive health care needs in primary care patients, and to describe common barriers and facilitators to the implementation of these types of programs.