Sedentary lifestyle among adults in Jordan, 2007

· all Original Research, Volume 4 Issue 3

Authors: Sharkas, Ghazi F.; Saheb, Tayseer; Arqoub, Kamal; Haddadin, Raja

Objective: Sedentary lifestyle is a major risk factor for physical and mental problems, such as cardiovascular, musculoskeletal diseases, and psychological stress. About 60% of the world’s population is not sufficiently physically active in leisure time or during work and social activities. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of inactive Jordanian adults and describe their demographic and behavioral characteristics.

Methods: The study used data from the behavioral risk factors surveillance survey conducted in Jordan in 2007. The sample size was 3654. Respondents who were physically inactive for more than 240 min daily (sleep time not included) were considered to have a sedentary lifestyle. Data were analyzed with the program SPSS.

Results: The prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle was 82.8% (2965 respondents), with a mean sedentary time of 587 min (95% confidence interval 581‐594 min). Among the physically inactive adults, 52.6% were men, one third of them aged 35‐44 years. Sedentary lifestyle was reported by 30% of those with a secondary level of education or above. Of those with a sedentary lifestyle, 37.6% were housewives and 37.5% were employees; 66% of them were overweight and obese. Of the physically inactive people, 2.5% had a history of heart failure and 1.3% had a history of cerebrovascular accidents; 57.2% of them tried to engage more in physical activity and almost three quarters of them were interested in improving their dietary habits.

Conclusion: Most Jordanian adults have a sedentary lifestyle, which emphasizes that there is a public health problem. Many of them are attempting to lead a healthier lifestyle. Therefore, there is an urgent need to launch an applicable national plan that enables people to practice a healthier lifestyle.

Keywords: Behavioral risk factors surveillance survey; Jordan; physical inactivity; sedentary lifestyle

Document Type: Research Article