Source: Family Medicine and Community Health, Volume 5, Number 1, 1 May 2017, pp. 92-100(9)
Objective: The exposure conditions with regard to 10-year ischemic cardiovascular disease (ICVD) risk among residents aged 45‐59 years treated in Hudong Community Health Service Center were surveyed to provide an objective basis for further studies on the relation between risk factors and ICVD events.
Methods: The survey was conducted from October 2013 to March 2014 with use of the principle of cluster sampling. Our investigation involved questionnaire and laboratory tests. All residents were evaluated according to the table of National 10-Year Risk Assessment for ICVD to forecast the 10-year risk. The community intervention methods were medication and lifestyle intervention based on the relevant guidelines.
Results: The body mass index and smoking rate were significantly higher in men than in women. The 10-year ICVD risk was 6.1% for moderate risk or above. We performed intervention in such residents for 1 year, with the result that the blood pressure and total cholesterol levels were significantly decreased (P <0.05).
Conclusion: It is imperative that early prediction and intervention be conducted for the residents with risk factors. After the intervention, we found that the risk declined in 79.41% of the residents with moderate risk and or above and that the 10-year ICVD risk score decreased.